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I D Act-Works Committee Applicability & Formation
What is Work Committee?
According to the Industrial Disputes Act of India, every employer should form a works committee if they have more than 100 employees in the organization. The works committee members should be comprised of equal number of workmen (employees) and individuals representing employers.The employer should select the employees in consultation with the Union (if already formed in the organization).
As a part of the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947, several organizations are expected to follow a set of rules and regulations. One of these sections states that the company should form a works committee. However, forming it or the works committee procedure is unclear.
Works Committee is to be formed if the industrial establishmnet employs 100 or more workmen or have been employed on any in the preceding 12 months. The Committee shall consists of representatives of employers and workmen in equal numbers. Number shall not exceed 20. The by-laws shall be approved by the Joint Commissioner of Labour. Decisions taken in the meeting shall be sent to the JCL within 14 days from the date of meeting.
What Is the Works Committee?
According to the Industrial Disputes Act of India, every employer should form a works committee if they have more than 100 employees in the organization.
The works committee members should be comprised of equal number of workmen (employees) and individuals representing employers.
The employer should select the employees in consultation with the Union (if already formed in the organization).
The Act stipulates:
In the case of any industrial establishment in which one hundred or more workmen are employed or have been employed on any day in the preceding twelve months, the appropriate Government may by general or special order require the employer to constitute in the prescribed manner a Works Committee consisting of representatives of employers and workmen engaged in the establishment so however that the number of representatives of workmen on the Committee shall not be less than the number of representatives of the employer. The representatives of the workmen shall be chosen in the prescribed manner from among the workmen engaged in the establishment and in consultation with their trade union, if any, registered under the Indian Trade Unions Act, 1926 (16 of 1926 ).
The Need for Works Committee Procedure
The need for the works committee procedure is to reduce the material differences between both parties.
This committee looks after maintaining a healthy relationship between the employer and the employees through the collective efforts of both parties. It also aims at improving industrial peace and works on matters involving general peace and work-related issues.
Features of Works Committee
In this section, we will discuss some of the common features of the works committee procedure that will help you constitute a committee.
The works committee is important in industrial organization. Hence, it should be constituted with proper guidelines as laid out by the government.