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The ROC issues the CIN (Corporate Identification Number) as a 21-digit alphanumeric code to companies incorporated within the country after registering them in various Indian states under the MCA (Ministry of Corporate Affairs).
CIN is provided to all companies registered in India, which include:
However, Limited Liability Partnerships (LLP) established in India are not given a CIN. For the LLPs, the ROC gives the LLPIN (Limited Liability Partnership Identification Number) that acts as a unique 7-digit identification number of the LLP.
Companies use the CIN (Corporate Identification Number) to track all aspects and activities from their incorporation by the ROC (Registrar of Companies) and must provide it on all transactions with the respective ROC.
The 21 digit CIN has its own meaning which is easily translatable and which helps in finding basic information relating to a company. It is used for finding the primary details of the companies which are registered within the country under MCA.
CIN is a unique number that can be used for identifying or tracking companies for several levels of information that ROC / MCA holds. The CIN contains the identity of an organization and additional information regarding the registered company under the ROC.
Every company established in India must quote its Corporate Identification Number (CIN) on various documents, including:
If the aforementioned standards are not met, the defaulting corporation and each failing official will incur a penalty of INR 1,000 per day until they remedy the default. The maximum fine for this default, however, is just INR 1,000,000.
CIN which is provided to every registered company for the purpose of identification can be changed in certain cases such as:
The Registrar of Companies allots an alphanumeric number to the company on the date of its registration. The company’s Certificate of Incorporation mentions its CIN (Corporate Identification Number). Therefore, when the Registrar of Companies approves the incorporation of a company, it automatically receives an allotted CIN number.
No. The Registrar of Companies allots a CIN (Corporate Identification Number) to companies registered under the Companies Act, 2013. The Registrar of Companies, on the other hand, assigns an LLPIN (LLP Identification Number) to Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs). Therefore, CIN is exclusively allotted to companies registered under the Companies Act, 2013, while LLPIN is allotted to LLPs by the Registrar of Companies.
No, the Registrar of Companies allots a CIN (Corporate Identification Number) to registered companies at the time of issuing the company registration certificate. In contrast, companies and businesses registered under the GST law are issued a GSTIN (Goods and Services Tax Identification Number). Therefore, CIN and GSTIN are different identification numbers with distinct functions.
Yes. As per section 12(3)(c) of the Companies Act, a company must print its name, address of its registered office and the CIN in all its business letters, billheads, letter papers, notices and other official publications. Thus, a company must mandatorily mention its CIN on its bills, invoices, receipts and e-mails sent to outside parties.
Name : Santhosh Gopinath G S