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Factories Act – Other Statutory Health & Welfare Measures – Restroom / Shelter / Lunchroom
Shelters, restrooms and lunchrooms
(1)This rule shall apply to any factory wherein more than one hundred and fifty workers are ordinarily employed.
(2)The shelters or restrooms and lunchrooms shall conform to the following standards and the 154[Occupier or Manager of a factory] shall submit for the approval of the Chief Inspector plans and site plans in triplicate of the building to be constructed or adapted:
(a)The building shall be soundly constructed and all the walls and roof shall be of suitable heat-resisting materials and shall be water-proof. The floor and walls to a height of 91.4 centimetres shall be so laid or finished as to provide a smooth, hard and impervious surface.
(b)The height of every room in the building shall be not less than 3.7 meters from floor level to the lowest part of the roof and there shall be at least 1.1 square meters of floor area for every person employed:
Provided that (i) workers who habitually go home for their meals during the rest periods may be excluded in calculating the number of workers to be accommodated and (ii) in the case of factories in existence at the date of commencement of the Act, where it is impracticable, owing to lack of space to provide 1.1 square meters of floor area for each person, such reduced floor area per person shall be provided as may be approved in writing by the Chief Inspector.
(c)Effective and suitable provision shall be made in every room for securing and maintaining adequate ventilation by the circulation of fresh air and there shall also be provided and maintained sufficient and suitable natural or artificial lighting.
(d)Every room shall be adequately furnished with chairs or benches with backrests.
(e)Sweepers shall be employed whose primary duty it is to keep the rooms, building and precincts thereof in a clean and tidy condition.
(ee) 155[Suitableprovisionsshallbemadeineveryroomforsupplyofdrinkingwater and facilities for washing]
(f)The Chief Inspector may, for reasons to be recorded in writing, relax the provisions of this rule subject to such conditions as he may deem it to impose, in respect of factories in existence on the 1st April 1949.
(3)156[A portion of the shelters or restrooms and lunch rooms shall be partitioned off and reserved for women workers in proportion to their strength